I guess there are two main methods by which I learn about myself and everything else.
One is direct. If I have a problem I want to solve, I google it, and find a number of different solutions, and pick the one that makes the most sense for me.
The other is indirect. I do a lot of reading of different stuff, things that interest me. Sometimes a particular point or fact will stick in my head, for whatever reason. Sometimes a bunch of these little facts come together and I get this feeling of clarity, because all of a sudden something that was a mystery before, makes perfect sense.